Without a doubt, insomnia is the most frequent sleep disorder in the general population. It affects women with greater prevalence, but appears more and more frequently in men and children, possibly related to social habits.
The inability to initiate and / or maintain sleep, as well as the presence of early awakening or non-restful sleep, greatly affects the person’s subsequent wakefulness, and can be the cause of multiple disorders that affect quality of life, work capacity, etc., being the cause of accidents in adults and the cause of school failure in children. For these reasons, insomnia is currently recognized as a disorder with its own entity and worthy of treatment by itself, regardless of the causes involved in its appearance and / or chronification.
It is estimated that 10 to 15% of the adult population suffers from chronic insomnia and that 25 to 35% have suffered from occasional or transitory insomnia in stressful situations.
To combat it, herbal medicine offers the use of effective and safe plants without the side effects of hypnotic synthetic drugs.
It refers to Passiflora edulis (commonly known as passion fruit) it is considered native to the Amazon region, although it grows wild in an area that covers mainly from Colombia to northern Chile, Argentina and Uruguay.
Passionflower, also known as passionflower, passion flower (due to the appearance of the flower, similar to a crown of thorns, led Spanish colonizers to call it the fruit of passion) is a tropical and subtropical climbing plant. In Spain it is cultivated as an ornamental plant. It belongs to the Passiofloraceae family. measures up to 10 m.
Contains secondary metabolites such as traces of indole alkaloids (harmano, harmina, and harmol), apirone derivatives (maltol and ethylmaltol), flavonic derivatives (quercetol, kaepherol, apigenol, luteolol), c-flavonoids (vitexin, isovitexin, orientin, saponaria, and flavonones). ), coumarins, phenolic acids and traces of essential oil. Due to this it is given different beneficial attributions. Among these anxiolytics, it also has antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory activities. Effective in anxiety disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and sleep disorders.
Passiflora by the action of flavonoids, exerts a sedative effect on the nervous system without creating depressive and dependent effects on it.
Among the main properties, all of them related to the nervous system, we can mention the following: sedative, since it calms the nerves and relaxes the body. This is specifically due to the components called maltol and etimaltol (which was purchased in experimental animals).
It is very suitable in those stressful situations in which we are very nervous and excited, due to personal or work problems. Especially interesting, when the situation of unrest does not let us fall asleep and we suffer from insomnia.
It can also be used with older people, even with prolonged treatments, which will allow them to rest better at night.
There are many trials carried out in order to demonstrate the mechanism by which it exerts its depressant action on the CNS as well as the efficacy and safety in the use of passionflower as a treatment for these pathological states.
The experimental tests carried out with passionflower show an activity of it or a mechanism of action at the level of the GABA receptor.
ABOUT THE DOSAGE
On some occasions, the manufacturer reports the equivalence between the dried and pulverized vegetable drug and the extract that is presented. But if this does not happen, it is necessary to calculate this equivalence. in general, the relationship is usually:
1 g of dry plant is equivalent to:
5 g tincture (1: 5) or 10 g tincture (1:10)
1 g of fluid extract (1: 1)
0.2 g of dry extract (5: 1)
It should take an hour or a half hour before sleeping.
Passiflora should not be used during pregnancy and lactation due to the presence of alkaloids. It is included in category b, so it is only accepted if there are no safer therapeutic alternatives.
- Action and Monitoring Guidelines, 2016.
- The insomnia. Anales Sis San Navarra vol.30 suppl 1 Pamplona, 2007.
- Phytotherapy of insomnia. Tips from the pharmacy. Offarm. 2008; 27 (10): 94-101.
- PASSION FRUIT. Instituto Superior Particular Incorporado Nº 4044 “SOL” Superior Technician in Gastronomic Management Research Seminar. Year 2013